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7-3 Glossary



PASCHAL MYSTERY: This refers to the events leading up to Jesus' crucifixion, death, resurrection and Ascension into Heaven. It starts with Jesus' entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday and ends with his Ascension into Heaven.  

PONTIUS PILATE: Roman Prefect who ruled over Judea from 25-36AD. He is best known for his role as judge in the trial of Jesus. He authorized the crucifixion of Jesus.  

JUDAS ISCARIOT: One of the twelve Apostles of Jesus. He was the money keeper for the group. It was Judas who betrays Jesus to the Chief Priest in return for thirty pieces of silver. Judas used a kiss to betray Jesus. His name is often used to accuse a person of betrayal.  

SCOURGING: Also known as flagellation, the scourging of Jesus is mentioned in three out of the four Gospel versions. It was usually the prelude to crucifixion under Roman law. The person would have their hands tied together around a pole or column and is then whipped using a scourge, whip or birch branch.

A scourge has multiple leather straps usually with small bits of metal on the straps. As the person's back is hit, the pieces of metal will pull the skin off. "Scourge" actually means "to flay" or "to skin".  

CRUCIFIXION: An ancient method of deliberate, slow and painful form of execution. The person is either tied or nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang until dead. The Romans used this form of execution from the Sixth Century BC through the Fourth Century AD. At one point Rome crucified so many people both sides of the roads leading to and from Rome were littered with Crosses.  

MARY MAGDALENE: Also known as Mary of Magdala (the town she came from), Mary Magdalene is considered the second most important in the Christian Scriptures/New Testament. She traveled many times with Jesus and the Apostles. She was present at the crucifixion and more importantly, she was the person to see Jesus after his resurrection.

Video on Mary Magdalene  

EMMAUS: Means "warm spring" and is was the name of an ancient town located approximately seven miles from Jerusalem.

It was on a road to this town that two of Jesus' disciples met the risen Jesus without realizing who He was. They only recognized Him when He broke the bread for their meal in Emmaus.  

THOMAS THE APOSTLE: "Thomas" means "The Twin" so their is a possibility he had a twin brother or sister. However, he is better known as "doubting Thomas". Why? Because after Jesus rose from the dead He appeared to all the Apostles who were gathered in a locked room. However, Thomas was not present at the time and when the other Apostles informed him what happened when he returned, he did not believe them. Read John 20:24-29 to find out what happens to Thomas and his doubt of the resurrection.  

ASCENSION: Following the resurrection, Jesus stayed on the Earth for a total of forty days. After that He was taken to Heaven in his resurrected Body. According to the account in the Bible, the eleven Apostles witnessed this event.